HazMat - Dangerous Goods

Some goods are classified as hazardous for transportation. Different regulations apply depending on the transport mode regarding marks, quantities and documentation.

Regardless of the mode of transportation, hazardous goods are categorized into the following IMO classes:

Class

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

Hazard Type

explosives

toxic/flammable/incombustible gases

flammable liquids

flammable solids

igniting/oxidizing solids

toxic/contagious substances

radioactive substances

acrid/corrosive substances

other hazardous substances

Typical Examples

dynamite, fireworks

hair spray

pesticides, paint, fuel

matches, coal, sodium

fertilizer, coating, hardener

pesticides, medical waste

uranium, plutonium

cleaner, acids, alkalis

batteries, asbestos, dry ice


IMO Label
Labels for hazardous cargo

Additional to the IMO class, every type of hazardous cargo also has a UN number. It is a 4-digit number that has been defined by the United Nations with the purpose of improving the characterization of hazardous goods.

For shipping IMO cargo via sea freight, an IMO packing certificate is required.

IMO packing certificate
packing certificate

Caution! Not every shipping line accepts every IMO cargo. Also, there are regulations forbidding the loading of certain IMO classes resp. UN numbers together in a container or onto a vessel which also restricts bookings. Therefore, availability of loading spaces should be checked before booking.